Chatham-Kent

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Chatham-Kent
Municipality (single-tier)
Municipality of Chatham-Kent
Thames River in Chatham
Thames River in Chatham
Nickname(s): The Maple City, The Classic Car Capital of Canada
Map of Ontario CHATHAM-KENT.svg
Coordinates: 42°24′00″N 82°11′00″W / 42.40000°N 82.18333°W / 42.40000; -82.18333Coordinates: 42°24′00″N 82°11′00″W / 42.40000°N 82.18333°W / 42.40000; -82.18333
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County (historical) Kent
Formed by political merger 1998
Government
 • Mayor Randy Hope
 • Governing body Chatham-Kent Municipal Council
 • MPs Bev Shipley (CPC)
Dave Van Kesteren (CPC)
 • MPPs Rick Nicholls (OPC)
Monte McNaughton (OPC)
Area[1]
 • Land 2,457.90 km2 (949.00 sq mi)
Elevation 198 m (650 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Municipality 101,647 (Ranked 53th)
 • Density 41.4/km2 (107/sq mi)
 • Urban 43,550 (Chatham)
10,098 (Wallaceburg)
4,809 (Tilbury)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Forward sortation area N7L to N7M
Area code(s) 519 226
Website chatham-kent.ca

Chatham-Kent (2016 population 101,647)[2] is a single-tier municipality in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Mostly rural, its population centres are Chatham, Wallaceburg, Tilbury, Blenheim, Ridgetown, Wheatley and Dresden. The current Municipality of Chatham-Kent was created in 1998 by the merger of Kent County and its municipalities.

The municipality's census division, inclusive of the separate Delaware Nation at Moraviantown First Nation, had a population of 102,042 in the 2016 census.[2]

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Communities
  • 3 Geography
    • 3.1 Climate
    • 3.2 Adjacent counties and municipalities
  • 4 Demographics
    • 4.1 Population trends
    • 4.2 Racial statistics
    • 4.3 Ethnocultural statistics
    • 4.4 Language
  • 5 Economy and industry
    • 5.1 Agribusiness and chemical
    • 5.2 Automotive
    • 5.3 Energy
    • 5.4 Public sector
    • 5.5 Retail hub
  • 6 Attractions
  • 7 Health care
  • 8 Media
    • 8.1 Television stations
    • 8.2 Radio broadcast stations
    • 8.3 Print media
    • 8.4 Online media
  • 9 Education
    • 9.1 Elementary and secondary
    • 9.2 Post-secondary
  • 10 Sports
    • 10.1 Hockey
    • 10.2 Canadian football
    • 10.3 Rugby Union football
  • 11 Transportation
    • 11.1 Road
    • 11.2 Rail
    • 11.3 Bus
    • 11.4 Air
  • 12 Notable residents
  • 13 See also
  • 14 References
  • 15 External links

History[edit]

The former city of Chatham began as a naval dockyard in the 1790s, as it straddles the Thames River. The town was named after the Earl of Chatham, William Pitt (the Elder). It was built as a naval dockyard, a characteristic shared by Chatham, Kent, England. In England, the name Chatham came from the British root ceto and the Old English ham thus meaning a forest settlement.[3] Following the American Revolution and the Gnadenhutten Massacre, a group of Christian Munsee Indians settled in what is now Moraviantown.

In the War of 1812, the Battle of the Thames took place between Moraviantown and Thamesville on October 5, 1813.

During the 19th century, the area was part of the Underground Railroad. As a result, Chatham-Kent is now part of the African-Canadian Heritage Tour. Uncle Tom's Cabin Historic Site is a museum of the Dawn Settlement, established in 1841 by Josiah Henson near Dresden as refuge for the many slaves who escaped to Canada from the United States.[4] John Brown, the abolitionist, planned his raid on the Harpers Ferry Virginia Arsenal in Chatham and recruited local men to participate in the raid. The small village of North Buxton, part of the African Canadian Heritage Tour, also played an important role in the Underground Railroad.

In 1846, the town of Chatham had a population of about 1500, with part of it called Chatham North. There were four churches, a theatre, a weekly newspaper and a cricket club. The road between London and Amherstburgh was open, and transportation by stagecoach was available. A fast boat also provided transportation to Detroit and Buffalo. Chatham had many tradesman, a foundry, two banks, three schools, a tavern and a library where one could read books and newspapers.[5]

By 1869, the population was 3,000 in this industrial area with several mills, foundries, and breweries; a great deal of wood was being produced. A steamboat offered transportation to Windsor and Detroit. There was one bank office.[6]

Between 1906 and 1909, the city was home to the Chatham Motor Car Company,[7] and from 1919 to 1921, Denby Motor Truck Company of Canada.[8] It was also where the Hyslop and Ronald steam fire engine manufacturer was located; the factory would be taken over by Chatham Motor Car.[7] In addition, it hosted meat packer O'Keefe and Drew.[9]

Before 1998, Kent County consisted of the townships of Camden, Chatham, Dover, Harwich, Howard, Orford, Raleigh, Romney, Tilbury East and Zone. In some of Canada's earliest post-Confederation censuses, some residences in Kent County were incorrectly reported as being in Bothwell "County", which was a separate electoral district comprising parts of Kent and Lambton counties but not a distinct county in its own right.

In 1998 the County of Kent and the city of Chatham were amalgamated to form the Municipality of Chatham–Kent. Most services were also combined. Since then, bus service has begun to serve all of Chatham-Kent. Starting in 2007, routes were set up to include the former towns of Wallaceburg and Dresden. Before 1998, each town had their own fire department. It then became the Chatham-Kent Fire Department upon amalgamation. The county also had separate police departments until 1998. The city of Chatham, as well as the towns of Wallaceburg, Dresden, and Tilbury, each had their own departments. The Chatham-Kent Police Service was formed on September 1, 1998.

Chatham Kent has many historic festivals throughout the year such as the Battle of Longwoods reenactment, which takes place on Labour Day weekend at Fairfield Museum on Longwoods road.

Chatham Kent is also home to many historic buildings which are part of an annual ghost tour offered each year at Halloween. The participants go on a guided walk of downtown while the guide informs them of various ghost stories tied to the local buildings in which they pass.

Chatham Kent was a major part of the Underground Railroad and as such hosts the Buxton Homecoming each September. This celebrates the areas black culture and the roots laid by early black settlers in the Buxton area.

Communities[edit]

The Municipality of Chatham-Kent currently consists of the communities of Appledore, Arkwood, Bagnall, Baldoon, Bates Subdivision, Bearline, Beechwood, Blenheim, Botany, Bothwell, Bothwell Station, Bradley, Briarwood Estates, Cedar Springs, Charing Cross, Chatham, Clearville, Coatsworth, Croton, Darrell, Dawn Mills, Dealtown, Dover Centre, Doyles, Dresden, Duart, Eatonville, Eberts, Electric, Erie Beach, Erieau, Fargo Station, Fletcher, Florence, Glenwood, Grande Pointe, Guilds, Highgate, Holiday Harbour, Huffman Corners, Jeannette, Jeannette's Creek, Kent Bridge, Kent Centre, Lake Morningstar, Louisville, McKay's Corners, Merlin, Mitchell's Bay, Morpeth, Muirkirk, Mull, New Scotland, North Buxton, North Thamesville, Northwood, Oldfield, Oungah, Ouvry, Pain Court, Palmyra, Pardoville, Pinehurst, Port Alma, Port Crewe, Prairie Siding, Quinn, Raglan, Renwick, Rhodes, Ridgetown, Ringold, Rondeau, Rondeau Bay Estates, Selton, Shrewsbury, Sleepy Hollow, South Buxton, Stevenson, Stewart, Thamesville, Thornecliffe, Tilbury, Troy, Tupperville, Turin, Turnerville, Valetta, Van Horne, Vosburg, Wabash, Wallaceburg, Wheatley, Whitebread and Wilson's Bush.

Geography[edit]

At 2,458 square kilometres, Chatham-Kent is the 12th largest municipality by area in Canada and the largest in southwestern Ontario. Over 44,000 of the 107,000 residents live in the former City of Chatham. Other population centres in the municipality include Wallaceburg, Blenheim and Tilbury, Ridgetown and Dresden.

The Lower Thames River runs through Chatham–Kent to Lake St. Clair in the west, while the Sydenham River flows through Wallaceburg and Dresden. The municipality has approximately 88 kilometres of shoreline along lake Erie and 24 kilometres along lake St. Clair.

The Indian reserve of Bkejwanong (commonly referred to as Walpole Island) borders on Chatham–Kent, whereas the Indian reserve of Moravian 47 is an enclave within the city and is part of the Chatham–Kent census agglomeration and census division.

Climate[edit]

Chatham-Kent has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa),[10] with cold, snowy winters and warm to hot, humid summers. A typical summer will feature heat waves with temperatures exceeding 30 °C (86 °F) often. Winters are cold, and feature occasional cold snaps bringing temperatures below −15 °C (5 °F), but also commonly include mild stretches of weather above freezing.

Climate data for Chatham-Kent, Ontario, Canada (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
19.0
(66.2)
25.0
(77)
30.0
(86)
32.5
(90.5)
38.5
(101.3)
37.5
(99.5)
36.5
(97.7)
33.5
(92.3)
29.0
(84.2)
22.5
(72.5)
19.0
(66.2)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
1.2
(34.2)
6.0
(42.8)
13.5
(56.3)
19.9
(67.8)
25.5
(77.9)
27.7
(81.9)
26.5
(79.7)
22.7
(72.9)
15.5
(59.9)
8.5
(47.3)
2.1
(35.8)
14.1
(57.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.9
(35.4)
8.5
(47.3)
14.6
(58.3)
20.3
(68.5)
22.6
(72.7)
21.6
(70.9)
17.8
(64)
11.3
(52.3)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
9.8
(49.6)
Average low °C (°F) −6.9
(19.6)
−5.9
(21.4)
−2.2
(28)
3.6
(38.5)
9.4
(48.9)
15.0
(59)
17.5
(63.5)
16.7
(62.1)
13.0
(55.4)
6.9
(44.4)
1.8
(35.2)
−3.9
(25)
5.4
(41.7)
Record low °C (°F) −32
(−26)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−22
(−8)
−8
(18)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.5
(34.7)
6.0
(42.8)
6.0
(42.8)
1.5
(34.7)
−4.5
(23.9)
−10
(14)
−23
(−9)
−32
(−26)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 62.7
(2.469)
54.1
(2.13)
59.9
(2.358)
79.7
(3.138)
79.7
(3.138)
77.9
(3.067)
85.4
(3.362)
79.3
(3.122)
89.1
(3.508)
70.7
(2.783)
76.8
(3.024)
67.0
(2.638)
882.3
(34.736)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 31.6
(1.244)
36.5
(1.437)
48.6
(1.913)
78.3
(3.083)
79.7
(3.138)
77.9
(3.067)
85.4
(3.362)
79.3
(3.122)
89.1
(3.508)
70.7
(2.783)
75.0
(2.953)
51.1
(2.012)
803.1
(31.618)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 31.1
(12.24)
17.6
(6.93)
11.3
(4.45)
1.4
(0.55)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.7
(0.67)
15.9
(6.26)
79.2
(31.18)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 12.5 9.3 11.0 13.5 13.3 10.9 9.7 9.6 10.2 11.9 12.6 12.7 137.1
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 5.4 5.2 8.4 13.1 13.3 10.9 9.7 9.6 10.2 11.9 11.9 8.3 118.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.5 4.7 3.5 0.83 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.04 0.88 5.0 22.4
Source: Environment Canada[11]

Adjacent counties and municipalities[edit]

  • Lambton County (north and northwest)
  • Middlesex County (northeast)
  • Elgin County (northeast and east)
  • Across Lake Erie lie Erie, Lorain and Cuyahoga Counties, Ohio, US (south)
  • Essex County (southwest and west)
  • Across Lake St. Clair lie Macomb and St. Clair Counties, Michigan, US (west)

Demographics[edit]

Population trends[edit]

Canada census – Chatham–Kent community profile
2011 2006
Population: 103,671 (-4.2% from 2006) 108,177 (0.8% from 2001)
Land area: 2,458.09 km2 (949.07 sq mi) 2,458.06 km2 (949.06 sq mi)
Population density: 42.2/km2 (109/sq mi) 44.0/km2 (114/sq mi)
Median age: 43.9 (M: 42.6, F: 45.1) 41.2 (M: 40.1, F: 42.2)
Total private dwellings: 46,209 46,614
Median household income: $51,081
References: 2011[12] 2006[13] earlier[14]

Racial statistics[edit]

  • White: 92.7%[15]
  • First Nations: 3.1%
  • Black: 2.0%
  • South Asian: 0.5%
  • Other groups: 1.7%

Ethnocultural statistics[edit]

For all groups that comprise at least 1% of the population. Note that a person can report more than one ethnic origin.[16]

  • "Canadian": 34.7%
  • English: 32.9%
  • French: 21.9%
  • Scottish: 20.2%
  • Irish: 19.1%
  • German: 12.2%
  • Dutch: 11.1%
  • Belgian: 5.9%
  • First Nations: 3.1%
  • Italian: 2.1%
  • Polish: 2.1%
  • Ukrainian: 2.0%
  • Welsh: 1.5%
  • Czech: 1.4%
  • Metis: 1.2%
  • American (modern immigrant): 1.2%
  • Hungarian: 1.2%
  • Portuguese: 1.2%
  • British Isles (modern immigrant): 1.0%

Language[edit]

Although most of the population of Chatham-Kent is English-speaking, a few of its communities and Catholic parishes were settled by francophone (French-speaking) farmers in the mid-nineteenth century. These include Pain Court, Tilbury and Grande Pointe, where French is still spoken by a significant percentage of the population. These communities are designated French language service areas under Ontario's French Language Services Act.

Approximately 8,500 residents of Chatham-Kent have French as a mother tongue and 1,500 have French as their home language. Essex County also has a relatively large francophone population, especially in the municipality of Lakeshore. Together, Chatham–Kent and Essex Counties make up one of the concentrations of Franco-Ontarians in the province of Ontario.

Both elementary and secondary francophone schools exist across the municipality. A French cultural organization, La Girouette, which is based in Pain Court, promotes French-Canadian culture and language in the area.

Knowledge of official language statistics:[15]

  • English only: 92.2%
  • French only: <0.1%
  • English and French: 7.2%
  • Neither English nor French: 0.5%

Economy and industry[edit]

Chatham–Kent's economy has a base in the agricultural and automotive sectors. The municipality and senior levels of government are keen to promote continuing diversification. The CP railway splits Chatham city in two, and the unstaffed Chatham railway station attends to Via Rail passengers.

Agribusiness and chemical[edit]

At the outskirts of Chatham is the headquarters for Pioneer Hi-Bred Limited (a division of DuPont), a major agricultural seed breeding and biotechnology company.

GreenField Specialty Alcohols Inc.'s Commercial Alcohols division, Canada's largest ethanol plant and one of the world's largest, opened in Chatham in 1996. The plant produces ethanol for industrial, medical, and beverage uses.

There are a number of vineyards in the municipality.

Automotive[edit]

Located in the "industrial heartland", Chatham's roots in the automotive sector go back to Gray-Dort Motors Ltd., one of Canada's earliest automobile manufacturers. (Chatham was also the birthplace of Hank Chrysler,[17] father of Walter P. Chrysler, founder of the Chrysler automobile company).[18] From 1923 to 2011, Chatham was home to a truck assembly plant for Navistar, originally International Harvester. Navistar had announced plans to close the plant in 2003, but remained open due to government funds and employee concessions. The factory was idled in 2009 amid contract negotiations and finally closed in 2011.[19] Currently-active auto industry plants in the municipality include AutoLiv Canada in Tilbury (airbags), Mahle in Tilbury (emissions controls and plastics), KSR International in Ridgetown (automotive electronic pedal assembly and sensors), as well as RM Auctions, the world's largest vintage automobile auction house, and RM Restorations, the world's largest vintage automobile restoration company. The nickname "The Classic Car Capital of Canada" comes from RM's position in the industry and abundance of classic car events in the community.

Energy[edit]

Chatham is home to the headquarters of Union Gas, a natural gas utility and Spectra Energy company. Other energy related companies include wind farms near the shores of Lake Erie.

Public sector[edit]

The Canadian Federal government is one of the largest employers in the Chatham-Kent area with over 450 employees in several departments in the area. The Canada Pension Plan (CPP) Disability Unit is housed in the Judy Lamarsh (see Notable Residents) Building in downtown Chatham. This federal office is the single largest disability processing centre in Canada, processing 50% of all CPP Disability benefits. The office also processes Old Age Security benefit claims.

Retail hub[edit]

Chatham serves as a retail centre for the municipality and surrounding area. This includes the large big-box stores in Super Centre on St. Clair Street and arguably the north end of Communication Road in Blenheim.

Attractions[edit]

Capitol theatre.

The long, white sandy beaches, fishing, hiking trails and conservation areas make Erieau a popular vacation spot.

There are two Provincial Parks in Chatham-Kent: Rondeau Provincial Park and Wheatley Provincial Park and Point Pelee National Park. There are also numerous local conservation areas.

Downtown Chatham is home to the annual "Retrofest" organized by the Historic Downtown Chatham BIA, in partnership with the Kent Historic Auto Club.[20] Hundreds of classic car enthusiasts travel to downtown Chatham to showcase their classic cars and vintage vehicles.

Downtown Chatham is also home to the Chatham Capitol Theatre, a community-based theatre that, when it opened in 1930, was the largest in the region. The renovation of the theatre was run under the auspices of the Chatham Capitol Theatre Association, a not-for-profit corporation with registered charitable status. The theatre reopened in September 2010 and is run by the City of Chatham. It is heavily dependent on volunteers and hosts world class shows and entertainers. //www.chathamcapitoltheatre.com/ Chatham Capitol Theatre - Engaging, Inspiring, Transforming] Archived October 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.</ref>

Wolfe Creek BMX is a non profit BMX dirt race track located off Creek Rd. Wolfe Creek BMX is affiliated with American Bicycle Association (ABA) and runs sanctioned races including The Provincial Championship Ser Local citizen Tom Maciejowski along with the family friends, volunteers and contributors are responsible for the upkeep of the facility.

Health care[edit]

Chatham-Kent is served by the Chatham-Kent Health Alliance. The Public General Hospital and St. Joseph Hospital in Chatham were moved to a single campus in 2004, while the former Sydenham District Hospital remains in Wallaceburg. The eastern portion of the municipality is served by the Four Counties Health Services in Newbury in nearby Middlesex County.

Research published in 2002 by the Heart and Stroke Foundation cited Chatham-Kent as a hotspot for heart disease in Ontario.[21] Further research is underway to determine the reasons for this and other hotspots. The Chatham-Kent Public Health Unit launched a campaign in fall 2007 to tackle other ailments prevalent throughout the community, including asthma, chronic allergies, sinus problems, many types of cancer, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, alcoholism, and obesity.[22]

In October 2008, Chatham-Kent Health Alliance was named one of "Canada's Top 100 Employers" by Mediacorp Canada Inc., and was featured in Maclean's newsmagazine.[23]

Chatham-Kent features one of the 14 provincial Local Health Integration Networks (LHIN). The Erie St. Clair (ESC) LHIN services the Chatham-Kent Community as well as Sarnia/Lambton and Windsor/Essex. The ESC LHIN is located in the town of Chatham.

Media[edit]

Television stations[edit]

OTA virtual channel (PSIP) OTA actual channel Call sign Network Notes
16.1 16 (UHF) CHWI-DT CTV Two
33.1 33 (UHF) CICO-DT-59 TVOntario Rebroadcaster of CICA-DT (Toronto)
42 (UHF) CKCO-TV-3 CTV Rebroadcaster of CKCO-DT (Kitchener); transmitted from Oil Springs

Chatham-Kent is also served by stations coming from Windsor, London, Detroit, Toledo, and Cleveland.

Radio broadcast stations[edit]

Frequency Call sign Branding Format Owner Notes
AM 630 CFCO CFCO 92.9 Country music Blackburn Radio Also broadcasts at FM 92.9
FM 88.1 CBEE-FM CBC Radio One Talk radio, public radio Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Rebroadcaster of CBEW-FM (Windsor)
FM 89.3 CKGW-FM UCB Radio Christian radio United Christian Broadcasters Canada
FM 94.3 CKSY-FM 94.3 CKSY Adult contemporary Blackburn Radio
FM 95.1 CKUE-FM Cool 95.1 Adult hits Blackburn Radio
FM 99.1 CKXS-FM 99.1 Hot adult contemporary Five Amigos Broadcasting

Print media[edit]

The Chatham Daily News is the only daily newspaper in Chatham-Kent. There are several weeklies located in Chatham and the various communities in the municipality, including the Chatham Voice, Wallaceburg Courier Press, the Blenheim News Tribune, Chatham-Kent This Week, Ridgetown Independent News, Tilbury Times, and the Wheatley Journal.

The Chatham Daily News, Chatham-Kent This Week, and Wallaceburg Courier Press are all owned by Postmedia.

Online media[edit]

The Chatham Daily News,[24] Chatham-Kent This Week,[25] Wallaceburg Courier Press,[26] Chatham Voice[27] and CKReview[28] are daily online news media in Chatham-Kent with coverage of local news, sports, entertainment, and cultural events as well as a number of regular contributing columnists. Miles Media,[29] a video production and multimedia design studio located in Blenheim, produces and publishes online content for local businesses and corporations in the surrounding Chatham-Kent area. The Chatham-Kent Sports Network[30] is an online source covering local sports news, scores, and highlights from each of Chatham-Kent's communities. CKSN also follows Chatham-Kent athletes who have progressed to the Junior, College, International, or Professional ranks.

Education[edit]

Elementary and secondary[edit]

Chatham Regional Education Center of the Lambton Kent District School Board

There are two anglophone school boards and one francophone school board in Chatham–Kent. These are the Lambton Kent District School Board (headquartered in both Chatham and Sarnia), the St. Clair Catholic District School Board (headquartered in Wallaceburg) and the Conseil scolaire catholique Providence (CSC Providence).[31] The LKDSB is a public school board, and consists of 13 secondary and 53 elementary schools. The St. Clair Catholic board consists of two secondary schools, one in Chatham and one in Sarnia, and 26 elementary schools. There are also independent schools, such as Wallaceburg Christian School and Chatham Christian Schools—an elementary and secondary school in the same building.

The French Catholic board, headquartered in Windsor, has its Chatham-Kent regional office in Pain Court.[32]

Post-secondary[edit]

Chatham–Kent is the home of two colleges – St. Clair College and University of Guelph Ridgetown Campus, popularly known as Ridgetown College.

St. Clair College is a satellite of St. Clair College of Windsor. There are two campuses located in the municipality - Thames Campus (located in Chatham) and the Wallaceburg Campus (located in Wallaceburg). More than 5,000 full-time and 12,000 part-time students attend the college each year.

The Ridgetown Campus of the University of Guelph offers diplomas in agriculture, horticulture, and veterinary technology. It is part of the University of Guelph's Ontario Agricultural College, and formerly known as Ridgetown College of Agricultural Technology.

Sports[edit]

Hockey[edit]

The Chatham Maroons are a team in the Greater Ontario Junior Hockey League.

There are also four teams in the Great Lakes Junior C Hockey League

  • Blenheim Blades
  • Dresden Jr. Kings
  • Wheatley Sharks
  • Wallaceburg Lakers

Other teams in Chatham-Kent include the Chatham Outlaws Girls Hockey Association, the Chatham AAA Cyclones and the AA Kent Cobras.

Canadian football[edit]

The Chatham-Kent Cougars Football Club started in 2006. In 2006 Chatham-Kent entered a team into the inaugural season of the Allstar Peewee Football League, and in 2007 entered a team into the Jr. Ontario Varsity Football League. Now Chatham-Kent plays in the OFC with 4 spring/summer teams.

Rugby Union football[edit]

Founded in 2001, the Chatham-Kent Havoc rugby team plays in the Southwest Rugby Union.

Transportation[edit]

St. Clair Street (Hwy 40) in Chatham

Road[edit]

Chatham-Kent is situated just off Highway 401, connecting Montreal, Toronto, Kitchener-Waterloo, London, and Windsor, Ontario; and Detroit, Michigan via the Ambassador Bridge. Blenheim, Chatham and Wallaceburg are linked with Sarnia, Ontario and the Blue Water Bridge to the United States by Highway 40.

The sections of Highway 2 and Highway 3 (the Talbot Trail) in Chatham–Kent were downloaded by the province in 1998, becoming local roads 2 and 3, but they remain significant through routes and are still locally known by their old names.

The first gas station in Canada to sell E85 fuel to the public is located on Park Avenue East in Chatham.[33]

Rail[edit]

Chatham station is served by Via Rail passenger services between Toronto and Windsor, part of the Quebec City – Windsor Corridor with four trips in each direction daily, and the community is served by both the Canadian National Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway for freight transportation.

Bus[edit]

Within Chatham public bus services are provided by CK Transit. Chatham-Kent has an intercity bus service, also provided by CK Transit, between all communities in the municipality except Wheatley.

In addition, Chatham-Kent also has intercity bus services, with Greyhound Canada services to and from Windsor, London and Toronto, and through Detroit, Michigan to Chicago, Illinois. These services stop at Thamesville, Chatham and Tilbury.

Air[edit]

There is a municipal airport located 14 km south east of Chatham featuring a 1500m paved, lighted runway, with refuelling facilities, tie-down services, pilot training and chartered flights. The nearest airports served by regional carriers are Windsor and London.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Sally Ainse - Oneida diplomat and fur trader
  • Chris Allen - former NHL player with the Florida Panthers
  • Doug Anakin - won a gold medal at the 1964 Olympics in the bobsled
  • Bill Atkinson - former Major League Baseball relief pitcher
  • Courtney Babcock - Olympic distance runner
  • Shae-Lynn Bourne - championship figure skater
  • T. J. Brodie - NHL hockey player with the Calgary Flames
  • Ernest Burgess - 24th President of the American Sociological Association, author and urban sociologist who is known for his groundbreaking social ecology research
  • June Callwood - prominent magazine writer in the 1950s who became an Officer in the Order of Canada in 1986
  • Joseph Caron - former High Commissioner to India and former Canadian Ambassador to China and Japan
  • Chandra K. Clarke - entrepreneur, published author, and humour columnist
  • James Couzens - U.S. Senator, Mayor of Detroit, industrialist, philanthropist, and vice president and general manager of the Ford Motor Company
  • Robertson Davies - novelist, playwright
  • Kenne Duncan - western/action movie actor
  • Andy Fantuz - former CIS offensive MVP, former slotback for the Saskatchewan Roughriders of the CFL and current receiver for the Hamilton Tiger Cats of the CFL
  • Wally Floody - the "Tunnel King" from The Great Escape
  • Dave Gagner - retired NHL hockey player; brother-in-law of Diane Gagner; former Chatham–Kent mayor
  • Frank Gross, OMC - philanthropist posthumously awarded the Ontario Medal for Good Citizenship in 2006
  • Ken Houston (born September 15, 1953) - former NHL player
  • Tracey Hoyt - actress, Aurora Farqueson on the CBC Television series The Tournament
  • Ferguson Jenkins - Baseball Hall of Famer
  • Anna H. Jones - teacher, speaker at the First Pan-African Conference in 1900
  • Ryan Jones - former finalist of 2008 Hobey Baker Award and former member of the Edmonton Oilers; currently playing in the DEL for the Cologne Sharks
  • Judy LaMarsh - former Canadian Minister of Health
  • Archibald Lampman - one of Canada's finest 19th-century Romantic poets, born Morpeth, Kent County, 1861
  • Lori Lansens - author of Rush Home Road and The Girls
  • Chad Laprise - UFC fighter
  • John B. Lee - author, poet and current Poet Laureate of Brantford, Ontario
  • Doug Melvin - General Manager of the Milwaukee Brewers
  • Harry Garnet Bedford Miner - Victoria Cross winner during World War 1, born in Cedar Springs
  • Dave Nichol - award-winning product marketing expert and former president of Loblaw's
  • Geoffrey O'Hara - early 20th-century composer, singer and music professor who was the writer of such popular songs as the 1918 hit "K-K-K-Katy"
  • Sam Panopoulos - inventor of the Hawaiian pizza
  • Ron Pardo - comic-impressionist; actor History Bites; voice actor (has appeared in 70+ animated series, including Paw Patrol and World of Quest); from Pardoville
  • Ray Robertson - novelist
  • Brooklyn Roebuck - 2012 The Next Star; under licence with Sony Music Canada
  • Doug Shedden - professional ice hockey coach and former player
  • Glen Skov - National Hockey League (NHL) hockey player
  • Ron Sparks - award-winning comedian, actor, writer and producer (Video on Trial)
  • Joseph Storey - architect, designer of many local landmarks in the 1950s and 1960s
  • Shaun Suisham - Pittsburgh Steelers kicker (formerly with Dallas Cowboys and Washington Redskins)
  • Sylvia Tyson - singer-songwriter, broadcaster, and guitarist who found early fame with her then-husband Ian Tyson in their folk duo Ian and Sylvia
  • Todd Warriner - former NHL hockey player picked 4th overall in the 1992 NHL Entry Draft by the Quebec Nordiques
  • Brian Wiseman - 1999 IHL MVP Houston Aeros
  • Michelle Wright - country music singer

See also[edit]

  • List of townships in Ontario
  • List of municipalities in Ontario

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Chatham-Kent, Municipality Ontario (Census Subdivision)". Census Profile, Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  2. ^ a b [http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3536020&Geo2=CD&Code2=3536&Data=Count&SearchText=Chatham&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1 "Census Profile, 2016 Census Chatham-Kent, Municipality"]. Statistics Canada, August 25, 2017.
  3. ^ The Place Names of Kent, Judith Glover, 1976, Batsford. ISBN 0905270 614
  4. ^ Uncle Tom's Cabin Historic Site Archived October 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Smith, Wm. H. (1846). SMITH'S CANADIAN GAZETTEER - STATISTICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION RESPECTING ALL PARTS OF THE UPPER PROVINCE, OR CANADA WEST:. Toronto: H. & W. ROWSELL. p. 31. 
  6. ^ https://archive.org/stream/provinceontario00mcevgoog#page/n116/mode/2up, p. 97
  7. ^ a b Rhodes, John. "Car company made 35 units", written 17 June 2008, at : Chatham This Week online (retrieved 13 June 2017)
  8. ^ Windsor Public Library online (retrieved 13 June 2017)
  9. ^ Rhodes, John. "Chatham was home to luxury car manufacturer that took on city's name", written 18 October 2016, at Chatham This Week online (retrieved 13 June 2017)
  10. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson B. L.; McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606. 
  11. ^ "Chatham WPCP". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved September 22, 2013. 
  12. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  13. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  14. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  15. ^ a b Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Division Archived August 28, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada - Data table Archived May 28, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ [1][dead link]
  18. ^ Chrysler: The Life and Times of an Automotive Genius, Vincent Curcio, Oxford University Press US, 2001, ISBN 0-19-514705-7, 9780195147056 (Google Books[permanent dead link]).
  19. ^ "Navistar pulls plug on plant". London Free Press. August 3, 2011. 
  20. ^ Chatham Annual Retrofest Archived October 16, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ Realty Times - Real Estate News and Advice Archived September 24, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ Are You Sure You’re OK Campaign Archived February 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ "Reasons for Selection, 2009 Canada's Top 100 Employers Competition". 
  24. ^ thechathamdailynews.ca
  25. ^ chathamthisweek.com
  26. ^ wallaceburgcourierpress.com
  27. ^ TheChathamVoice.com
  28. ^ ckreview.ca
  29. ^ www.Miles-Productions.com
  30. ^ Chatham-Kent Sports Network
  31. ^ www.csdecso.on.ca Archived April 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ "Bureau satellite de Chatham-Kent." Conseil scolaire catholique Providence. Retrieved on December 15, 2014. "Adresse: 14, rue Notre Dame C.P. 70 Pain Court Ontario N0P 1Z0 Canada"
  33. ^ "E85 Gasoline Now Available in Chatham-Kent". 2007-06-26. Archived from the original on 2008-03-14. Retrieved 2007-11-18. 
  • Barbara Coltart & Beverly Easton 'History of Erieau Yacht Club' (Erieau, ON : Erieau Yacht Club, 1967)

External links[edit]

  • Official website
  • Chatham-Kent frequently requested bylaws page
  • Chatham-Kent zoning bylaw
  • Southwestern Ontario Digital Archive: Chatham (Ontario)
  • Chatham-Kent Public Library