Fergus, Ontario

Jump to: navigation, search
Fergus
Unincorporated community
The Fergus post office.
The Fergus post office.
Coordinates: 43°42′11″N 80°22′47″W / 43.70306°N 80.37972°W / 43.70306; -80.37972
Country Canada
Province Ontario
County Wellington County
Township Centre Wellington
Government
 • Township mayor Kelly Linton
Area
 • Land 15.08 km2 (5.82 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 20,767
 • Density 1,175.6/km2 (3,045/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Forward sortation area N1M
Area code(s) 519 and 226
NTS Map 040P09
GNBC Code FBDWO

Fergus is the largest community in Centre Wellington, a township within Wellington County in Ontario, Canada. It lies on the Grand River about 25 km north of Guelph. The population of this community at the time of the 2016 Census was 20,767,[2] but the community is growing as new homes are being built for sale at relatively affordable prices.[3][4]

Fergus was an independent town until 1999 when the Township was formed by amalgamating Fergus, the Village of Elora, Ontario and the Townships of Nichol, Pilkington, West Garafraxa and a part of Eramosa.[5]

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 1.1 From "poorhouse" to museum
  • 2 Geography
    • 2.1 Climate
  • 3 Economy
  • 4 Demographics
  • 5 Local government
  • 6 Education
    • 6.1 High Schools
  • 7 Health Care
  • 8 Media
    • 8.1 Print
  • 9 Attractions
  • 10 Notable Fergusites
  • 11 Twin cities
  • 12 References
  • 13 Sources
  • 14 External links

History[edit]

The first settlers to this area were freed slaves who formed what was known as the Pierpoint Settlement, named after their leader, Richard Pierpoint, a United Empire Loyalists originally from Bondou, Senagal in Africa. Along with a half dozen other men who had also fought with the British during the American Revolutionary War, Pierpoint was granted land in Garafraxa Township somewhere around what is now Scotland Street in Fergus.

Another settlement was founded nearby in 1833 and was first called Little Falls because of the scenic (water) falls, now between the Public Library and the Fergus Market.[6] The primary developers were Adam Fergusson and James Webster who had bought 28 km² (7000 acres) of land.[7] Both were later lawyers by profession. The first bridge over the river in the heart of the settlement was built in 1834 by Fergusson.

The first house was built in 1833, a hotel was built in 1844 and in 1835, a sawmill, grist-mill, church and school were opened.[8][9] Fergusson was also a founder of the first curling club in Ontario in 1834 which is still active today.[8] After 1938, Scottish settlers purchased the land in what was previously Pierpoint Settlement.[10]

James Webster was the one who opened the Fergus Mills and cleared a great deal of land for farming. Alexander Dingwall Fordyce joined Ferguson and they controlled all of the industry in Fergus until 1855. Until approximately 1850, an unwritten policy of restricted growth was implemented. Because Fergusson, Webster and some other Scottish emigrants owned the land, only Scots could purchase village lots. However, in order to accommodate Irish settlers, Webster founded the town of Arthur (just north of Fergus) in 1840. By 1846 the settlement had 21 businesses.[11] The population was 184 mostly of Scots.The community had a church and a post office and several tradesmen.[12]

James Wilson arrived in 1855 and opened an oatmeal mill, then a flour mill, then a saw mill and then a woolen mill and a factory, Monkland Mills, that supplied oatmeal for export. They and other Scots living in the settlement established a booming economy using the waterfalls on the Grand River to power local industry. They built solid stone houses, factories and other buildings which still characterize Fergus. Many of the buildings from the 1800s are still in use today.[9][13] In addition to Scots, the other settlers in this area were Irish or freed slaves from the U.S.[7]

In 1858, the settlement, with a population of 1,000, was incorporated as a village called Fergus in honour one of its founders, Adam Fergusson.[14] By 1869 the population was 1,500.[15]

St Andrew Street West

On November 29, 1890, electricity became available in the village through the efforts of Dr. Abraham Groves. More extensive provision of power, by Ontario Hydro, began in 1914. [16]

The first library, built with a Carnegie grant, opened in 1911 and is in the register of Canada's Historic Places.[17] In 1953, the village was incorporated as the “Town of Fergus” and in 1999 became a part of the Centre Wellington township.[9]

From "poorhouse" to museum[edit]

In 1877, the County opened the Wellington County House of Industry and Refuge, or Poorhouse as it was called, on Wellington Road 18 between Fergus and Elora. Over the years, approximately 1500 "deserving" poor, including those who were destitute, old and infirm or suffering from disabilities were housed here. The sixty bed house for "inmates" was surrounded by a 30-acre "industrial" farm with a barn for livestock that produced some of the food for the 70 residents and the staff and also provided work for them. Others worked in the House itself. According to a 2009 report by the Toronto Star, "pauperism was considered a moral failing that could be erased through order and hard work". A hospital was added in 1892. A nearby cemetery has 271 plots for those who died. In 1947 the House was converted into the Wellington County Home for the Aged and in 1975 the building reopened as the Wellington County Museum and Archives.[18][19][20]

A historic plaque was erected at the museum, indicating that the "government-supported poorhouse" was "the shelter of last resort for the homeless and destitute, who traded spartan accommodations for domestic or agricultural labour".[21]

Geography[edit]

Fergus is located north of Guelph and sits on the Grand River. It is near many natural settings such as the Elora Gorge and Conservation Area, and Belwood Lake. Fergus is a quiet, mostly residential community filled with streets lined with trees, many stone buildings, modern schools, and attractive parklands. It is laid out on a rectangular grid, with the Grand River flowing through the downtown heritage centre, its limestone riverbanks surrounding it.

Climate[edit]

Elora has a humid continental climate (Dfb) under the Köppen climate classification with cold winters and warm summers.

Climate data for Fergus (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
12.0
(53.6)
23.9
(75)
29.0
(84.2)
32.0
(89.6)
34.0
(93.2)
35.5
(95.9)
35.0
(95)
35.0
(95)
28.9
(84)
24.4
(75.9)
17.5
(63.5)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) −3.6
(25.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.6
(36.7)
10.4
(50.7)
17.5
(63.5)
22.8
(73)
25.2
(77.4)
24.2
(75.6)
19.8
(67.6)
12.7
(54.9)
5.4
(41.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
11.2
(52.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.4
(18.7)
−6.3
(20.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
5.7
(42.3)
12.2
(54)
17.5
(63.5)
20.0
(68)
19.0
(66.2)
14.9
(58.8)
8.3
(46.9)
2.1
(35.8)
−3.9
(25)
6.7
(44.1)
Average low °C (°F) −11.1
(12)
−10.5
(13.1)
−6.5
(20.3)
0.9
(33.6)
6.9
(44.4)
12.2
(54)
14.7
(58.5)
13.8
(56.8)
9.9
(49.8)
3.9
(39)
−1.2
(29.8)
−7.1
(19.2)
2.2
(36)
Record low °C (°F) −35
(−31)
−32.8
(−27)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−18.9
(−2)
−6.1
(21)
−0.6
(30.9)
2.2
(36)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5
(23)
−11.7
(10.9)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−35
(−31)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.9
(2.673)
55.9
(2.201)
59.6
(2.346)
74.1
(2.917)
86.9
(3.421)
83.8
(3.299)
89.2
(3.512)
96.6
(3.803)
93.1
(3.665)
77.2
(3.039)
93.0
(3.661)
68.6
(2.701)
945.7
(37.232)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 27.8
(1.094)
25.3
(0.996)
36.7
(1.445)
67.9
(2.673)
86.8
(3.417)
83.8
(3.299)
89.2
(3.512)
96.6
(3.803)
93.1
(3.665)
75.6
(2.976)
80.5
(3.169)
34.7
(1.366)
797.8
(31.409)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 40.1
(15.79)
30.6
(12.05)
22.9
(9.02)
6.2
(2.44)
0.1
(0.04)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.6
(0.63)
12.5
(4.92)
33.9
(13.35)
147.8
(58.19)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 19.7 14.9 14.0 14.6 14.4 12.0 11.5 12.4 13.9 16.5 17.4 18.3 179.5
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.7 4.5 7.4 12.9 14.3 12.0 11.5 12.4 13.9 16.3 13.1 6.8 129.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 16.5 11.8 8.2 2.8 0.15 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.73 5.6 13.2 59.0
Source: Environment Canada[22]

Economy[edit]

Centre Wellington is heavily agricultural but is also the home to industries, manufacturers, retailers, health care services and trades people. The local economy also benefits greatly from tourism.[23] Data is not available for Fergus alone but at the time of the 2011 Census, 6.4% of the workforce of Centre Wellington was involved in agriculture and other resource-based industries/utilities, 24.8% in manufacturing and construction, 19.8% in health and education and 13.2% in wholesale and retail trade. The top three categories for employment (in order of importance) were in manufacturing, Healthcare and Agriculture. The major employers in the township include Jefferson Elora Corp., Nexans Canada, Polycorp Ltd., Groves Memorial Hospital, Wellington Terrace and PR Donnelly. The average real estate value, for a single detached home in 2014 was $342,817 in Centre Wellington.[24]

Some movie and TV shows have been filmed in this area. For example, parts of the Grand River in Elora and Fergus were the site for some of the scenes filmed for the 1994 movie Trapped in Paradise.[25] as were some scenes for the 2011 TV movie Salem Falls.[26] In 2010, parts of the movie If a Tree Falls were filmed here[27] as were parts of the NBC mini series Heroes Reborn in 2015.[26]

Demographics[edit]

Census Population
1841 184
1871 1,666
1901 1,396
1911 1,534
1921 1,796
1931 2,594
1941 2,832
1951 3,387
1961 3,831
1971 5,433
1981 6,064
1991 7,940
2001 10,017
2006 18,211
2011 19,126
2016 20,767

The 2016 Census indicated a population of 20,767.[1]

Population: 20,767 (12.8% from 1996)
Land area: 17.66 km²
Population density: 1,175.6 people/km²
Total private dwellings: 8249

Local government[edit]

The Centre Wellington Township council includes a Mayor (Kelly Linton) and six councilors. Three of the latter live in Fergus while one lives in Elora.[28]

The Township is also represented on the County of Wellington Council which is made up of seven mayors and nine councilors. The head of this council is the Warden (Dennis Lever).[29]

Education[edit]

Fergus and Centre Wellington have two major school boards that operate inside the municipality at a public level. The Wellington Catholic District School Board administers Catholic education in Guelph and Wellington County, operating St. Joseph's Catholic Elementary School (JK-8). The Upper Grand District School Board administers to the area surrounding the upper Grand River operating in Fergus, J. D. Hogarth Public School (K-8), John Black Public School, James McQueen Public School (K-6), Victoria Terrace Public School (K-6).

High Schools[edit]

  • Centre Wellington District High School (C.W.D.H.S.) is located in the newer suburbs on the south-east edge of the town. It is home to the Falcons and has a student population of roughly 1500.
  • Emmanuel Christian High School (E.C.H.S) is a private Canadian Reformed Christian school located on the east side of Fergus and has a student population of roughly 200.

Health Care[edit]

Fergus is home to Groves Memorial Community Hospital, a health care centre located on Union Street East in Fergus.[30] Dr. Abraham Groves (1847-1935) was a pioneer of many forms of healthcare in Fergus, and was recognized for his skill and ability as a surgeon. He opened his own hospital, the Royal Alexandria in 1902 and included a nursing school. Before Dr. Groves died in 1935, he gave the hospital to the community. It was then rebuilt as Grove's Memorial Community Hospital.

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

News Express formerly published for more than 100 years—but Torstar/Metroland closed it down in 2016.

  • Wellington Advertiser – serves Wellington County
  • Fergus was covered by the Guelph Mercury, which served nearby Guelph and Wellington County, however the Mercury ceased its print edition in January 2016.

Attractions[edit]

Wellington County Museum and Archives in Aboyne

Fergus is best known for the annual Scottish Festival and Highland Games, held in August. The games represent the largest gathering of clans in the world outside Scotland and Cape Breton Island.[citation needed] Competitions are held for music, dancing and 'heavy' events such as the caber toss. A 10 km (6.21 mi) run is also contested. The organizers summarize the event as follows: "Celtic Music, crafts for the kids, heavy events championships, bagpipes, drums, author appearances, bands, Highland dancing, story telling, singing, clan information and heritage, beer tents, artisans and vendors .... Pipe Band Competitions, Military Tattoo, Highland Dancers.[31]

Fergus is also home to the Fergus Highland Rugby Football Club. The club plays in the Ontario Rugby Union, and has two Men's teams, two Women's teams and a strong and growing junior program. Fergus Curling Club, Ontario's oldest continuously running Curling Club, was founded in 1834 by settlers from Scotland. Adam Fergusson was the first president. Matches were held outdoors until 1879 when an indoor rink was opened.[8]

St Andrew Street runs parallel to the Grand River (on its north side) and is the heart of downtown. In addition to stores and restaurants, the Fergus Grand Theatre is located here, on the south side of the street. Originally a cinema that opened in 1928, the venue now hosts live entertainment and stage plays.[32] On the south side of the river is Queen Street where the Fergus Market on the River (no longer a farmers' market) houses shops located in restored historic warehouses.

The Wellington County Museum and Archives and the Wellington County library are in nearby Aboyne, halfway between Fergus and Elora. The museum is located in a two-storey Italianate-style stone building on a former working farm. The building is the oldest known state-supported poorhouse or almshouse in Canada. It was called the House of Industry and Refuge when it opened in 1877. Subsequently, the home switched to caring for the elderly and chronically ill, eventually closing in 1971. The building was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1995.[33][8]

The Centre Wellington Community Sportsplex completed renovations in the fall of 2006. It now includes a 25-metre indoor swimming pool and a second ice rink to complement the previously existing ice facilities. The facility is now home of the Fergus Force Jr. A Hockey Club (www.fergusforce.com) starting in September, 2017. The Force will play in the Greater Metro Jr. A Hockey League (www.gmhl.net), an independent junior league established in 2006, and known for its unlimited import rule, allowing teams to sign players from all over the world.

Nearby attractions include the Elora Gorge, Elora Quarry Conservation Area, the Elora Cataract Trailway for hiking, the County Museum and Elora Gorge Falls in addition to Grand River Raceway.[34] Users of the TripAdvisor web site recommend the nearby Belwood Lake Conservation Area, the Fergus Grand Theatre for live performances, Grand River Troutfitters and the Wellington Artist's Gallery and Art Centre.[35] Restaurants that are highly rated by users include Brewhouse On The Grand, Fergus Tandoori Grill, Ikiru Sushi, My Kitchen by Gancena and the Bentley House Fine Teas & Tea Room.[36]

Notable Fergusites[edit]

  • Arthur Black, writer/radio host (CBC Radio).
  • J. Marshall Craig, author/filmmaker, grandson of Dr. Norman Craig.
  • Doctor Norman Craig, Surgeon, playwright of first Canadian war play “You’re Lucky If You’re Killed.”
  • Lori Bowden, professional triathlete, Ironman Triathlon World Champion.
  • Ed Chadwick, former National Hockey League goalie who played most notably with the Toronto Maple Leafs.
  • J.M. Frey, science fiction/fantasy author and fanthropologist.
  • Ryan Laird, country musician.
  • Bucko McDonald, former Member of Parliament and NHL defenceman who won three Stanley Cups.
  • Brock McGinn, OHL player of the Guelph Storm who currently plays for the Carolina Hurricanes of the National Hockey League.
  • Jamie McGinn, current member of the NHL's Arizona Coyotes.
  • Tye McGinn, OHL Player of the Ottawa 67's, Gatineau Olympiques of the QMJHL, and current member of the Tampa Bay Lightning's AHL affiliate the Syracuse Crunch.
  • Craig Norris, lead singer of The Kramdens, host of The Morning Edition on CBLA-FM-2.
  • Ariel Waller, actress (Life with Derek).
  • Josiah "Wild" Wildeboer Eagles Alumni, member of the FC Barcelona affiliate, Royals FC.
  • Ivan "the Russian Rocket" Kruizenga Current member or the Eagles, member of the FC Barcelona affiliate, Royals FC.

Twin cities[edit]

  • United Kingdom Blairgowrie and Rattray, Scotland, UK
  • United States Pleasanton, California, United States
  • Canada Cowansville, Quebec, Canada

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statistics Canada. Government of Canada http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=POPC&Code1=0278&Geo2=PR&Code2=47&Data=Count&SearchText=Fergus&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&GeoLevel=PR&GeoCode=0278&TABID=1&wbdisable=true. Retrieved 2017-04-01.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Fergus [Population centre], Ontario and Saskatchewan [Province]". statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  3. ^ Slofstra, Martin; Editor; Homes, New; Condos. "Fergus builds on its small-town appeal". torontosun.com. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Centre Wellington, Township [Census subdivision], Ontario and Alma [Population centre], Quebec". statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "Our Government". centrewellington.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  6. ^ http://www.fergus-ontario.com/little-falls.htm
  7. ^ a b http://fergus.ca/wellcome-to-wp-directory-suite/about-fergus/
  8. ^ a b c d "The Historical Plaques of Wellington County". waynecook.com. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c "Fergus History". fergus.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  10. ^ http://www.wellington.ogs.on.ca/resources/settlements.html
  11. ^ https://archive.org/stream/provinceontario00mcevgoog#page/n158/mode/1up
  12. ^ Smith, Wm. H. (1846). SMITH'S CANADIAN GAZETTEER - STATISTICAL AND GENERAL INFORMATION RESPECTING ALL PARTS OF THE UPPER PROVINCE, OR CANADA WEST: (PDF). Toronto: H. & W. ROWSELL. p. 58. 
  13. ^ http://www.fergus-ontario.com/two-centuries.html
  14. ^ https://books.google.ca/books?id=MWSECgAAQBAJ&pg=PA31&lpg=PA31&dq=scots+fergus+ontario+LITTLE+FALLS&source=bl&ots=w7qdHNcue3&sig=NOOc0Hueqxhv7y3RSVa7xK96GGw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjluNCq-LjTAhUU0IMKHQ7QCpE4ChDoAQg2MAQ#v=onepage&q&f=false
  15. ^ https://archive.org/stream/provinceontario00mcevgoog#page/n158/mode/1up page 154
  16. ^ http://www.cwhydro.ca/pdfs/History_of_the_Electrical_Industry_in_Fergus_and_Elora.pdf
  17. ^ "HistoricPlaces.ca - HistoricPlaces.ca". historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  18. ^ https://www.thestar.com/news/2009/01/03/when_poorhouse_wasnt_only_an_expression.html, When 'poorhouse' wasn't only an expression
  19. ^ http://www.wellington.ca/en/discover/resources/handout_barn_2014_trifold.pdf
  20. ^ "Meet the ghosts of Wellington County's Poor House in Elora". 5 July 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2017 – via The Hamilton Spectator. 
  21. ^ "Historical Plaques of Wellington County - Plaque 17, The Wellington County House of Industry and Refuge". Historical Plaques of Wellington County. Wayne Cook. 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2017. This is the earliest surviving example of an important 19th century institution, the government-supported poorhouse. Erected in 1877, it was the shelter of last resort for the homeless and destitute, who traded spartan accommodations for domestic or agricultural labour. With changing attitudes and the introduction of alternative forms of social assistance, its function shifted to the care of the elderly and infirm, and additions were built to respond to their special needs. Closed in 1971, this building and its history illustrate the Victorian roots of the 20th-century social security system in Canada. 
  22. ^ "Fergus Shand Dam, Ontario". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Do Business". centrewellington.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  24. ^ https://www.centrewellington.ca/dobusiness/Documents/Fast%20Facts%20-%202015%20-%20CW.pdf
  25. ^ "Trapped in Paradise". 2 December 1994. Retrieved 2 April 2017 – via IMDb. 
  26. ^ a b "Fergus in the Movies - SouthWesternOntario.ca". southwesternontario.ca. 24 August 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  27. ^ "If a Tree Falls (2010)". imdb.com.br. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  28. ^ "Mayor and Council". centrewellington.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  29. ^ "Meet Your County Council". wellington.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  30. ^ "About Us". Groves Memorial Community Hospital. 
  31. ^ "Fergus Scottish Festival & Highland Games". elora.info. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  32. ^ "Fergus Grand Theatre". centrewellington.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  33. ^ Wellington County House of Industry and Refuge. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
  34. ^ "The Top 10 Things to Do in Elora 2017 - TripAdvisor". tripadvisor.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  35. ^ "The Top 5 Things to Do in Fergus 2017 - TripAdvisor". tripadvisor.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  36. ^ "The 10 Best Fergus Restaurants - TripAdvisor". tripadvisor.ca. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 

Sources[edit]

  • Mattaini Mestern, Pat (2008). Fergus: A Scottish Town by Birthright. Fergus, ON: Pat Mattaini Mestern. 

External links[edit]

  • Fergus, Ontario at Geographical Names of Canada
  • Downtown Fergus Business Improvement Area (Fergus B.I.A.) includes over 180 member businesses operating in Fergus, Ontario.
  • EloraFergus.ca, the Elora & Fergus municipal tourism site managed by the Township of Centre Wellington.
  • Maps of Fergus, Ontario providing GIS layers and aerial photos dating back to the year 2000. Maps provided by the Township of Centre Wellington.
  • Ferrier, A. D (1866). Reminiscences of Canada, and the Early Days of Fergus. Guelph, C.W. Retrieved 5 May 2015. 

Coordinates: 43°42′11″N 80°22′47″W / 43.70306°N 80.37972°W / 43.70306; -80.37972