Manitouwadge

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Manitouwadge
Manidoowaazh
Township (single-tier)
Township of Manitouwadge
Mwdgcenotaph.jpg
Manitouwadge is located in Ontario
Manitouwadge
Manitouwadge
Coordinates: 49°08′N 85°50′W / 49.133°N 85.833°W / 49.133; -85.833Coordinates: 49°08′N 85°50′W / 49.133°N 85.833°W / 49.133; -85.833
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
District Thunder Bay
Settled 1950s
Incorporated 1975
Government
 • Mayor Andy Major
 • Federal riding Thunder Bay-Superior North
 • Prov. riding Algoma—Manitoulin
Area[1]
 • Land 352.06 km2 (135.93 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 332.20 m (1,089.90 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 2,105
 • Density 6.0/km2 (16/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code P0T 2C0
Area code(s) 807 (826 exchange)
Website www.manitouwadge.ca

Manitouwadge is a township in the Canadian province of Ontario. It is located in the Thunder Bay District, at the north end of Highway 614, 331 kilometres (206 mi) east of Thunder Bay and 378 kilometres (235 mi) north-west of Sault Ste. Marie.

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 1.1 Today
  • 2 Demographics
  • 3 Recreation
    • 3.1 Hiking and skiing
  • 4 Trivia
  • 5 Climate
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

History[edit]

Manitouwadge (Manidoowaazh in Ojibwe, meaning “Cave of the Great Spirit”) was originally part of the range of the nomadic Ojibwe indigenous people. The town itself was founded by Noranda (now part of Xstrata) in the early 1950s to support the company's Geco copper mine. Other mine in Manitouwadge is the Willroy mine, named after two of the "Weekend Prospectors" William Dawidowich and Roy Barker.

From 1954 to 1974 Manitouwadge was classified as an Improvement District. The community became an incorporated township in 1975.

In the early 1980s, gold was discovered at Hemlo,[3] near the intersection of highways 614 and 17, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) south of the town. Noranda acquired the mining rights to a significant portion of the ground in that area, and built the Golden Giant Mine. It offered housing in Manitouwadge to many of the employees of the new mine, and the town boomed.

When the Geco mine closed in 1995, Manitouwadge's population decreased significantly. After peaking at nearly 4000 people in the early 1990s, it decreased to less than 3000 by 2001. With the closing of the Golden Giant Mine in 2006, the population dropped to 2,100 by 2011.[4]

Today[edit]

While mining has always been at the forefront of Manitouwadge's economic activity, forestry also plays a significant part in the town's economy. The town is also turning itself into a retirement community, offering some of the lowest housing prices in the country.

Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Manitouwadge community profile
2011 2006
Population: 2105 (-8.5% from 2006) 2300 (-22.0% from 2001)
Land area: 352.06 km2 (135.93 sq mi) 351.97 km2 (135.90 sq mi)
Population density: 6.0/km2 (16/sq mi) 6.5/km2 (17/sq mi)
Median age: 42.8 (M: 43.4, F: 42.2)
Total private dwellings: 1129 1212
Median household income: $78,894
References: 2011[4] 2006[5] earlier[6]

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 2105
  • Population in 2006: 2300
  • Population in 2001: 2949
  • Population in 1996: 3395
  • Population in 1991: 3972

Recreation[edit]

Summer is open to many outdoor activities. Hunting, fishing and golf are the main summer attractions open to vacationers and residents. There is a nine-hole golf course. There is a fully equipped gym, a large outside track, and a family pool.

Hiking and skiing[edit]

Trails for hiking in the summer and trails for snowmobilers in the winter are also abundant. Nine different runs for downhill skiing are present as well as two locations with cross country ski trails managed by the Northern Trails Ski Club. From the top of the ski hill one can see the whole town.

Trivia[edit]

  • Manitouwadge's municipal limits include four geographic townships: Mapledoram, Leslie, Gemmel, and Gertrude.
  • Willroy mine was named after two of the "Weekend Prospectors." William Dawidowich and Roy Barker.
  • Manitouwadge was the first Model Town established in Ontario.
  • Nearby Mose Lake is named after Moses Fisher, the native guide of James E. Thomson on his 1931 exploration of the Manitouwadge area. Name duplication required the S be dropped.
  • From 1954 to 1974 Manitouwadge was classified as an Improvement District. The community attained Township classification in 1975.
  • Birthplace of Stanley Cup and Olympic Gold Medal Winning Hockey Coach Mike Babcock.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Manitouwadge
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 5
(41)
8.9
(48)
19
(66)
28.5
(83.3)
35
(95)
39
(102)
39.4
(102.9)
34
(93)
30.6
(87.1)
25
(77)
18.3
(64.9)
12.5
(54.5)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−1.1
(30)
7.6
(45.7)
16.4
(61.5)
21.2
(70.2)
23.9
(75)
22.2
(72)
15.1
(59.2)
7.7
(45.9)
−0.7
(30.7)
−8.5
(16.7)
7
(45)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.1
(1.2)
−14.5
(5.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
1.3
(34.3)
9.7
(49.5)
14.6
(58.3)
17.5
(63.5)
16.2
(61.2)
10.2
(50.4)
3.9
(39)
−4.2
(24.4)
−13.4
(7.9)
1.4
(34.5)
Average low °C (°F) −22.8
(−9)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−13.9
(7)
−5
(23)
2.9
(37.2)
8
(46)
11.1
(52)
10.2
(50.4)
5.3
(41.5)
0
(32)
−7.7
(18.1)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
Record low °C (°F) −45
(−49)
−42.2
(−44)
−37.5
(−35.5)
−30
(−22)
−13.3
(8.1)
−2.8
(27)
−1.1
(30)
−1.1
(30)
−6.1
(21)
−14.5
(5.9)
−33.9
(−29)
−38.9
(−38)
−45
(−49)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 64.4
(2.535)
43.7
(1.72)
48.5
(1.909)
44
(1.73)
66.4
(2.614)
80.8
(3.181)
107.4
(4.228)
81.9
(3.224)
104.1
(4.098)
81.3
(3.201)
73.5
(2.894)
63.2
(2.488)
859.2
(33.827)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.2
(0.008)
2.1
(0.083)
9
(0.35)
26.5
(1.043)
62.6
(2.465)
80.8
(3.181)
107.4
(4.228)
81.9
(3.224)
101.9
(4.012)
66.6
(2.622)
22.1
(0.87)
2.6
(0.102)
563.6
(22.189)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 64.2
(25.28)
41.6
(16.38)
39.5
(15.55)
17.4
(6.85)
3.9
(1.54)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.2
(0.87)
14.7
(5.79)
51.5
(20.28)
60.6
(23.86)
295.6
(116.38)
Source: Environment Canada[2]

See also[edit]

  • List of townships in Ontario
  • List of francophone communities in Ontario

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Manitouwadge census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  2. ^ a b Environment Canada — Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 2011-04-21
  3. ^ Barnes, Michael (1995). Gold in Ontario. Erin: The Boston Mills Press. pp. 91–94. ISBN 155046146X. 
  4. ^ a b "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-29. 
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-21. 
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census

External links[edit]

  • Township of Manitouwadge website
  • Manitouwadge Public Library website
  • Manitouwadge General Hospital website
  • Manitouwadge - Play In the Extreme website
  • Manitouwadge and area Local DAILY newspaper OntarioNewsNorth.com
Education links
  • Manitouwadge Public School
  • Manitouwadge High School
  • Our Lady of Lourdes School

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