Matachewan

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Matachewan
Township (single-tier)
Township of Matachewan
Matachewan ON 1.JPG
Motto: Where the highway ends... the adventure begins!
Matachewan is located in Ontario
Matachewan
Matachewan
Coordinates: 48°00′N 80°39′W / 48.000°N 80.650°W / 48.000; -80.650Coordinates: 48°00′N 80°39′W / 48.000°N 80.650°W / 48.000; -80.650
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
District Timiskaming
Incorporated 1995
Government
 • Type Township
 • Reeve Cheryl Drummond
 • Federal riding Timmins—James Bay
 • Prov. riding Timiskaming—Cochrane
Area[1]
 • Land 543.63 km2 (209.90 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 409
 • Density 0.75/km2 (1.9/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code P0K 1M0
Area code(s) 705
Website www.matachewan.com

Matachewan is a township in Timiskaming, Northeastern Ontario, Canada, located at the end of Ontario Highway 66 along the Montreal River.

The town's main economy is based on mineral mining, mainly gold mining, with some tourism.

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geology
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Culture
  • 5 Transportation
    • 5.1 Provincial highways
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

History[edit]

Matachewan began as a trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company, called Fort Matachewan, located about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) north of the present town site. It consisted only of a large depot and stores, with a church added later on. The local First Nations, who traded their furs here, would camp along the Montreal River but not settle permanently.[3]

Jack Davidson discovered gold in 1916 and teamed up with Weldy Young in 1930 to start the Young Davidson Mines. Sam Otisse staked a claim next to Davidson in 1917, which became the Matachewan Consolidated Mines. Alex Mosher staked claims which became the Ashley Gold Mine (1932-1936).[4]

The impetus to the town's growth came in the 1920s when mineral deposits, such as gold, copper, and molybdenite, were found in the area. From then on it experienced boom and bust cycles of typical mining towns, depending on the swings in commodity prices, but its economy has gradually shifted to forestry and tourism.[3]

In January 1976, the Improvement District of Matachewan was formed, and in 1995, it was incorporated as a township.

The Otisse Lake overflowed into mine tailings on 17 Oct. 1990, and 170,000 cubic metres of mine slimes entered the Matachewan River.[4]

In 2006, a medivac helipad was built to help accommodate the possibility of injuries that may occur at the Young-Davidson mine site. In 2008, an old and worn out wooden bridge over the Montreal River which was built in 1937 was replaced with a new steel-concrete reinforced structure for safety reasons regarding the heavy traffic to/from the mine.[5]

Geology[edit]

Matachewan is on the southwest portion of the Abitibi greenstone belt and within the Abitibi gold belt. Between 1933 and 1957, the Young-Davidson Mine and the Matachewan Consolidated Mine produced 9.6 million tonnes of ore containing 3.1 grams of gold per ton and 0.93 grams per ton of silver. Between 1979 and 1980, Pamour Porcupine Mines Limited open-pit mining produced 18,000 tonnes of ore containing more than 3.4 grams per ton of gold.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1991 453 —    
1996 402 −11.3%
2001 308 −23.4%
2006 375 +21.8%
2011 409 +9.1%
Statistics Canada[2][7]
Canada census – Matachewan community profile
2011 2006
Population: 409 (9.1% from 2006) 375 (21.8% from 2001)
Land area: 543.63 km2 (209.90 sq mi) 543.63 km2 (209.90 sq mi)
Population density: 0.75/km2 (1.9/sq mi) 0.7/km2 (1.8/sq mi)
Median age: 50.8 (M: 48.0, F: 52.5)
Total private dwellings: 260 217
Median household income:
Notes: 2011 population and housing figures corrected.[2] – References: 2011[1] 2006[8] earlier[9]
Matachewan as seen across the Montreal River.

Culture[edit]

Matachewan is known for celebrating local cultures every July during the Matachewan Villages Festival event.

Transportation[edit]

Provincial highways[edit]

  • Highway 65
  • Highway 66

See also[edit]

  • List of townships in Ontario
  • List of francophone communities in Ontario
  • Kirkland Lake
  • Porcupine Gold Rush
  • Cobalt silver rush
  • Red Lake, Ontario
  • Greenstone, Ontario
  • Hemlo, Ontario

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Matachewan census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-09.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "cp2011" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ a b c "Corrections and updates". Statistics Canada. 2012-10-24. Retrieved 2012-11-11. 
  3. ^ a b "About Matachewan". Township of Matachewan. Archived from the original on January 7, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
  4. ^ a b Barnes, Michael (1995). Gold in Ontario. Erin: The Boston Mills Press. pp. 62–63. ISBN 155046146X. 
  5. ^ Perry Kong (April 30, 2007). "The Community Where Adventure Begins" (PDF). Northern News. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ Powell, W.G.; Kilbourne, M.W.; Hodgson, C.J. (1991). "Gold Related Geology of the Matachewan Camp". Society of Economic Geologists. Archean Gold Deposits of the Matachewan-Kirkland Lake-Larder Lake Area, Ontario, Canada (Guidebook Series Vol. II): 72. 
  7. ^ 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-04. 
  9. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]

  • Township of Matachewan