Parry Sound, Ontario

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Parry Sound
Town (single-tier)
Town of Parry Sound
Looking over the town and the sound
Looking over the town and the sound
Parry Sound is located in Southern Ontario
Parry Sound
Parry Sound
Coordinates: 45°20′N 80°02′W / 45.333°N 80.033°W / 45.333; -80.033Coordinates: 45°20′N 80°02′W / 45.333°N 80.033°W / 45.333; -80.033
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
District Parry Sound
Established 1857
Government
 • Mayor Jamie McGarvey
 • Governing Body Parry Sound Town Council
 • MP Tony Clement (CPC)
 • MPPs Norm Miller (PC)
Area[1]
 • Land 13.40 km2 (5.17 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 6,408
 • Density 478.2/km2 (1,239/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Forward sortation area P2A
Area code(s) 705 & 249
Highways  Highway 400
Highway 69 / TCH
 Highway 124
 Highway 518
Website www.townofparrysound.com

Parry Sound is a town in Ontario, Canada, located on the eastern shore of the sound after which it is named. Parry Sound is located 160 km (99 mi) south of Sudbury and 225 km (140 mi) north of Toronto. It is the seat of Parry Sound District, a popular cottage country region for Southern Ontario residents. It also has the world's deepest natural freshwater port.[2]

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Culture
  • 3 Recreation and sports
  • 4 Transportation
  • 5 Climate
  • 6 Forest fire protection history
  • 7 Media
    • 7.1 Radio
    • 7.2 Television
    • 7.3 Newspapers
  • 8 Demographics
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

History[edit]

During the early part of the 20th century, the area was a popular subject for the many scenic art works of Tom Thomson and members of the Group of Seven. There was a slight decline in economic activity shortly after World War I with J.R. Booth's construction of a rival town, Depot Harbour on nearby Parry Island, but this setback was overcome through later developments in tourism and commerce, and the accidental destruction by fire of the entire town of Depot Harbour on August 14, 1945.

The body of water that gives the town its name was surveyed and named by Captain Henry Bayfield in the 19th century, in honour of the Arctic explorer Sir William Edward Parry. In 1857, the modern townsite was established near the Ojibwa village of Wasauksing ("shining shore") at the mouth of the Seguin River. In the late 19th century, rail service was established, making the town an important depot along the rail lines to Western Canada.

In 1916, a cordite factory was established in the nearby town of Nobel for the Imperial Munitions Board. In the late 1920s and early 1930s, an explosives and munitions factory was also built at Nobel, making Parry Sound an important part of both the First World War and the Second World War effort.

Culture[edit]

View of downtown Parry Sound near the intersection of Seguin and James Streets. A portion of the Sound and the CP railway trestle can be seen in the distance.

Parry Sound is the birthplace of hockey legend Bobby Orr, the namesake of the local community centre and the town's own Bobby Orr Hall of Fame. In Orr's best-selling autobiography, Orr: My Story, he speaks highly of Parry Sound, the friends and family who resided there and the happy childhood he had living in that part of Canada.[3][4][5]

Canadian actor Don Harron's stage character Charlie Farquharson remains one of the town's most cherished personalities. Former Ontario premier Ernie Eves also called the town home for many years; he was the MPP for the Parry Sound—Muskoka riding from 1981 through 2001.

The town is home to several cultural festivals, including the Festival of the Sound classical music festival, an annual dragonboat race and a buskers' festival which takes place as part of the town's Canada Day festivities. The Charles W. Stockey Centre for the Performing Arts serves as the principal performance venue during the Festival of the Sound, and also hosts concerts, live theatre and other cultural events throughout the year.

Recreation and sports[edit]

There are several provincial parks in the Parry Sound area, including Oastler Lake, The Massasauga and Killbear, as well as numerous provincial conservation reserves, including the Georgian Bay Biosphere Reserve, one of only 13 UNESCO sites in Canada. The eastern coast of Georgian Bay where Parry Sound is located is known as the "30,000 Islands" and is considered the world's largest freshwater archipelago. It covers 347,000 hectares of shoreline ecosystem, and over 100 species of animals and plants that are at risk in Canada and Ontario, including unique reptiles and amphibians. Parry Sound's Aspen Valley Wildlife Sanctuary[6] cares for injured and orphaned animals, and offers an informational and interpretive centre for wildlife education. A 230-kilometre recreational trail, the Park-to-Park Trail, connects Killbear with Algonquin Provincial Park in two locations, to the south at Dwight, and farther north, east of Kearney.[7]

Departure point at the harbour, for the sightseeing tours of the 30,000 Islands

Parry Sound, and much of Northern Ontario, are well known for their tourism businesses. Accommodation businesses range from hotels and full service resorts to ledges and camping grounds. Sightseeing tours of the 30,000 Islands are offered by Georgian Bay Airways,[8] and the Island Queen and MV Chippawa[9] cruise ships. kayak and canoe rentals and tours are available during the summer, as well as winter sporting gear rentals during the winter. The town is home to an annual ATV Jamboree[10] and guided ATV tours of the region's wilderness are available throughout the year.[11] There are several golf courses located in and near Parry Sound; ice hockey, fishing and softball are also popular recreational sports in the area. Famous NHLer Bobby Orr played for the Parry Sound Shamrocks hockey team, who reached the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey Association championship finals in 1998 and 1999 before the team folded in 2003.

Transportation[edit]

Harbour of Parry Sound

Parry Sound is located along a highway which currently bears the dual designation of Highway 69/Highway 400. From the opening of this freeway alignment in 2004 until October 26, 2010, a point one kilometre north of Parry Sound's Bowes Street/McDougall Road interchange was the terminus of Highway 400, but the freeway now begins 17 kilometres further north, at Highway 559 north of Nobel.[12] The former alignment of Highway 69 from Parry Sound southerly to Holmur now has the street name Oastler Park Drive and serves as the main access road to Oastler Lake Provincial Park.

The western termini of Highway 124, which extends easterly to Sundridge, and Highway 518, which heads east to Kearney, are both located just outside Parry Sound's town limits.

Bus service from Toronto is available by Ontario Northland Motor Coach Services, the government-owned transportation company, and buses arrive daily en route to Sudbury. In addition, Via Rail's Canadian (Toronto – Vancouver) transcontinental passenger train serves the Parry Sound railway station three times a week both east and westbound. Westbound passenger as well as Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National Railway freight trains are carried over the Seguin River by the Parry Sound CPR Trestle, a visible presence in the centre of town.

The town is served by the Parry Sound Area Municipal Airport and the Parry Sound Medical Heliport, as well as numerous small water aerodromes:

  • Parry Sound Harbour Water Aerodrome (CPS1)
  • Parry Sound/Deep Bay Water Aerodrome (CPT6)
  • Parry Sound/Derbyshire Island Water Aerodrome (CDS6)
  • Parry Sound/Frying Pan Island-Sans Souci Water Aerodrome (CPS9)
  • Parry Sound/Huron Island Water Aerodrome (CPS8)
  • Parry Sound/St. Waleran Island Water Aerodrome (CPD6)

The Big Sound Marina[13] is a 120-serviced slip marina on Georgian Bay for transient vessels up to 60 feet (18 m).

Climate[edit]

Parry Sound has a humid continental climate, with some quite-unusual local variations in cloudiness and precipitation for this climate, resulting from its location on the eastern shore of the large body of water comprising Parry Sound and Lake Huron to its west. Parry Sound's annual temperature regime reflects a cool-summer humid-continental climate (Koppen Dfb), with January average temperatures near 16 F. and July average temperatures near 68 F., and the usual minimal seasonal lag typical of continental climates, i.e. January as the coldest month, July as the warmest.

Much more unusual (for Dfb climates) is Parry Sound's average annual cycle of precipitation, and cloudiness vs. sunshine. With its location on the eastern side of large bodies of water, where prevailing winds and weather come from the west (typical in the mid-latitude Northern Hemisphere), Parry Sound experiences exceptionally strong "lake effect." From spring to mid-summer, this means lake waters are cooler than nearby land areas, resulting in diminished intensity of low pressure systems and less precipitation, but alternation of low clouds and fog (resulting from warmer air passing over snow-covered ground, frequent into May most years) with occasional sunshine, especially once the long winter's snow cover has melted (mostly May through July). Parry Sound's average driest month is July; here, thunderstorms are rare, due to cool lake waters inhibiting the combination of heat and humidity that fuels thunderstorm activity over areas like the central, southern and eastern United States.

From September to January in Parry Sound, "lake effect" reverses its stabilizing effect from spring into mid-summer, becoming destabilizing. During these months, nearby waters release their stored warmth from the summer season, and increasingly strong polar and Arctic air outbreaks pass over these still-relatively-warm waters before hitting Parry Sound. This results in heavy cumulus cloud formation, instability rain showers (in September and October), transitioning toward heavy snow showers and squalls as temperatures continue to drop from November to January. Parry Sound's average monthly precipitation exceeds 4 inches every month from September to January - but this pattern peaks in December, the year's average wettest month, which averages over 5.4 inches of precipitation, mostly carried by that month's whopping average 40 inches of snow, followed by January's snowfall average of nearly 36 inches. Such heavy winter-month precipitation and snowfall figures are virtually nonexistent in humid-continental climates, which tend to exist away from large bodies of water. As winter transitions toward spring, snowfall drops sharply by March, when lake and land temperatures nearly equalize. In winter, the heavy lake-effect snowfall is augmented by snowfall from sometimes-strong low-pressure systems (mid-latitude cyclones) that often converge on the Great Lakes and areas further east.

Overall, Parry Sound experiences a typical humid-continental, cool-summer climate type in terms of temperatures - but a highly unusual climate regime in precipitation and cloudiness; the year's driest months are generally from March through July, while its wettest months are from September to January, with autumnal "lake effect" producing cloudy skies and heavy rainfall from September into November, followed by extremely heavy snowfall in December and January.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Parry Sound was 37.8 °C (100 °F) on 6 July 1921. The coldest temperature ever recorded was −41.1 °C (−42 °F) on 12 February 1967.[14][15]

Climate data for Parry Sound, 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1875−present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57)
14.4
(57.9)
27.0
(80.6)
31.0
(87.8)
32.5
(90.5)
36.1
(97)
37.8
(100)
37.2
(99)
35.0
(95)
28.9
(84)
21.7
(71.1)
15.5
(59.9)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−2.2
(28)
2.6
(36.7)
10.5
(50.9)
16.9
(62.4)
21.1
(70)
25.1
(77.2)
23.8
(74.8)
19.0
(66.2)
12.4
(54.3)
5.1
(41.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
10.7
(51.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.0
(15.8)
−6.8
(19.8)
−2.2
(28)
5.7
(42.3)
11.8
(53.2)
16.2
(61.2)
20.2
(68.4)
19.2
(66.6)
14.8
(58.6)
8.4
(47.1)
1.9
(35.4)
−5.2
(22.6)
6.3
(43.3)
Average low °C (°F) −13.5
(7.7)
−11.4
(11.5)
−7
(19)
0.9
(33.6)
6.7
(44.1)
11.2
(52.2)
15.3
(59.5)
14.6
(58.3)
10.5
(50.9)
4.4
(39.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
−8.9
(16)
1.8
(35.2)
Record low °C (°F) −38.9
(−38)
−41.1
(−42)
−34.4
(−29.9)
−22.8
(−9)
−8.9
(16)
−0.6
(30.9)
2.8
(37)
0.6
(33.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−12.2
(10)
−28.9
(−20)
−37.8
(−36)
−41.1
(−42)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 107.0
(4.213)
80.3
(3.161)
78.7
(3.098)
71.4
(2.811)
83.4
(3.283)
64.2
(2.528)
54.9
(2.161)
82.7
(3.256)
105.2
(4.142)
114.8
(4.52)
110.2
(4.339)
137.6
(5.417)
1,090.5
(42.933)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 15.9
(0.626)
20.0
(0.787)
44.7
(1.76)
61.0
(2.402)
83.0
(3.268)
64.2
(2.528)
54.9
(2.161)
82.7
(3.256)
105.2
(4.142)
114.6
(4.512)
80.8
(3.181)
36.0
(1.417)
763.0
(30.039)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 91.2
(35.91)
60.3
(23.74)
34.0
(13.39)
10.4
(4.09)
0.40
(0.157)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.18
(0.071)
29.5
(11.61)
101.6
(40)
327.5
(128.94)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.1 14.7 14.0 13.9 13.6 12.8 8.9 12.3 14.2 16.7 17.6 19.6 178.5
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.7 3.8 7.7 12.2 13.6 12.8 8.9 12.3 14.2 16.7 14.0 6.5 127.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 18.0 12.5 8.6 3.5 0.18 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.09 7.0 16.2 66.0
Source: Environment Canada[16][17][14][15][18]

Forest fire protection history[edit]

The Parry Sound Forest Fire District was founded by Ontario's former Department of Lands and Forests (now the MNR) in 1922 as one of 17 districts to help protect Ontario's forests from fire by early detection from fire towers. The headquarters for the district were housed in town. It was the central location for 18 fire tower lookouts, including the Parry Sound fire tower, which was erected in the same location as the modern lookout tower at 17 George Street. In the 1970s all the towers had been decommissioned as aerial fire fighting techniques were employed. Fire suppression is of enhanced concern in and near Parry Sound due to this area's strong tendency toward drier weather coinciding with the period of highest sun, in June and July. In drier-summer years, drought can be a significant concern here, and with it, heightened wildfire risk.

Media[edit]

Radio[edit]

Frequency Call sign Branding Format Owner Notes
FM 88.9 CBPO-FM Weatheradio Canada Weather radio Meteorological Service of Canada
FM 89.9 CBLR-FM CBC Radio One Talk radio, public radio Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Rebroadcaster of CBLA-FM (Toronto)
FM 91.3 CHRZ-FM Rez 91 First Nations community radio Wasauksing Communications Group Broadcasts in English and Ojibwe
FM 103.3 CKLP-FM Moose FM Adult hits Vista Broadcast Group

Television[edit]

OTA channel Call sign Network Notes
7 (VHF) CIII-DT-7 Global Rebroadcaster of CIII-DT (Toronto)
12 (VHF) CKVR-TV-1 CTV Two Rebroadcaster of CKVR-DT (Barrie)
23 (UHF) CHCH-DT-3 Independent Rebroadcaster of CHCH-DT (Hamilton)

Newspapers[edit]

  • North Star - The Parry Sound North Star

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1871 1,052 —    
1901 2,884 +174.1%
1911 3,429 +18.9%
1921 3,546 +3.4%
1931 3,512 −1.0%
1941 5,765 +64.2%
1951 5,183 −10.1%
1961 6,004 +15.8%
1971 5,842 −2.7%
1981 6,124 +4.8%
1991 6,125 +0.0%
1996 6,326 +3.3%
2001 6,124 −3.2%
2006 5,818 −5.0%
2011 6,191 +6.4%
2016 6,408 +3.5%
Canada 2006 Census Population  % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[19]
South Asian 35 0.6
Chinese 40 0.7
Black 10 0.2
Filipino 0 0
Latin American 15 0.3
Southeast Asian 0 0
Other visible minority 15 0.3
Total visible minority population 115 2.1
Aboriginal group
Source:[19]
First Nations 165 2.9
Métis 110 2
Inuit 0 0
Total Aboriginal population 280 5
White 5,205 92.9
Total population 5,600 100

According to the 2016 Statistics Canada Census:[1]

  • Population 2016: 6,408
  • Population 2011: 6,191
  • % Change (2011–2016): 3.5
  • Total Private Dwellings: 3,150
  • Area (km2): 13.40
  • Density (persons per km2): 478.2

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 2016 Census Profile
  2. ^ Canadian Geographic. 127. Royal Canadian Geographical Society. 2007. p. 82. Retrieved 11 April 2012. Parry Sound, the world's deepest freshwater port, lends some measure to what I mean by Ontario Lake Country 
  3. ^ Orr, Bobby (2013) Bobby Orr: My Story. New York: G.P. Putnam. Retrieved March 31, 2014 [1]
  4. ^ Cowles, Gregory (October 25, 2013) "Inside the List" The New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2014 [2]
  5. ^ "Best Sellers". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  6. ^ Aspen Valley Wildlife Sanctuary
  7. ^ The Park-to-Park Trail
  8. ^ Georgian Bay Airways
  9. ^ M.V. Chippewa
  10. ^ Spring Jam
  11. ^ Bear Claw Tours
  12. ^ Ginn, Cameron (October 27, 2010). "$177-million section of highway now open". Cottage Country Now. Metroland Media Group. Retrieved October 28, 2010. 
  13. ^ Big Sound Marina
  14. ^ a b "Daily Data Report for July 1921". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 July 2016. 
  15. ^ a b "Daily Data Report for February 1967". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 July 2016. 
  16. ^ "Parry Sound 1981–2010". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved December 17, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Parry Sound". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 July 2016. 
  18. ^ "Parry Sound Harbour". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 3 July 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "Pickering, Ontario (City) Census Subdivision". Community Profiles, Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. 

External links[edit]

  • Parry Sound travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Town of Parry Sound