Port Dover, Ontario

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Port Dover, Ontario
Unincorporated hamlet in Norfolk County
Boats moored at Port Dover, Ontario.
Boats moored at Port Dover, Ontario.
Port Dover, Ontario is located in Southern Ontario
Port Dover, Ontario
Port Dover, Ontario
Location in southern Ontario
Coordinates: 42°47′12″N 80°12′11″W / 42.78667°N 80.20306°W / 42.78667; -80.20306Coordinates: 42°47′12″N 80°12′11″W / 42.78667°N 80.20306°W / 42.78667; -80.20306
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Established 1794 as Dover Mills
Amalgamated into Norfolk County 2001 (Single-tier municipality)
Government
 • Mayor Charlie Luke
 • Governing Body The Council of The Corporation of Norfolk County
 • MPs Diane Finley (Con)
 • MPPs Toby Barrett (PC)
Area
 • Land 9.15 km2 (3.53 sq mi)
Elevation 210 m (690 ft)
Population (2016) 6,161
 • Density 698.04/km2 (1,807.9/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Forward sortation area N0A
Area code(s) 519 / 226 /
Website www.norfolkcounty.ca

Port Dover is an unincorporated community and former town located in Norfolk County, Ontario, Canada on the north shore of Lake Erie. Prior to the War of 1812, this community was known as Dover Mills. This community is the southern terminus for Ontario Highway 6; located 480 kilometres or 300 miles to the south of the Northern Ontario community of McKerrow.[1] This highway stretches northward as a two-lane, undivided highway until the traffic flow increases to four lanes shortly after it departs from Caledonia.[2] In addition to allowing Port Dover residents direct access to the city of Hamilton, it also briefly merges with Highway 403 to allow for access to the Royal Botanical Gardens and locations on to Toronto.

The postal forward sortation area is N0A; sharing its Canada Post service with the western portion of Haldimand County. All residences and businesses within the Port Dover area have a 583 in their phone number.

The second largest of the Communities in Norfolk County, Ontario, Port Dover had a population of 6,161 at the time of the 2016 Census.[3]

Contents

  • 1 Climate
  • 2 Etymology
  • 3 History
    • 3.1 Notable people
  • 4 Attractions
  • 5 References

Climate[edit]

Between the years 1897 and 1977, only the winter of 1975 was considered to be a mild winter for the Port Dover area.[4]

The warmest summers that Port Dover has witnessed occurred in 1998, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009 (with the exception of the month of July[5]), 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016.[6]

Should the sea levels rise by 60 metres or 200 feet, Port Dover would not be affected by flooding.[7] However, it may be affected by droughts as a by-product of the dislocation of available fresh water and may be forced to rely on desalinated salt water piped in from the Eastern United States. Constructing the proper infrastructure to carry the water hundreds of miles away would take considerable manpower along with significant economic costs and an unprecedented level of cooperation from multiple federal, state/provincial, and municipal governments.

Etymology[edit]

First recorded in its Latinised form of Portus Dubris, the name derives from the Brythonic word for waters (dwfr in Middle Welsh). The same element is present in the towns French (Douvres) and Modern Welsh (Dofr) forms.

History[edit]

Port Dover's earliest known inhabitants, from around the year 1000 until approximately 300–350 years later, were the Algonquin nation. They were noted flint-workers and evidence of their skill in crafting arrowheads is still to be found in open worked field areas surrounding the village. The next wave of inhabitants were the Attawandaron nation, the Neutrals, who occupied the region from about 1350 until their absorption by the Iroquois in the year 1651. The last significant native nation to occupy the area was the Mississaugas.

In 1670, French missionaries François Dollier de Casson and René Bréhant de Galinée became the first Europeans to winter at what is now Port Dover. Earthen remains and a plaque mark the spot near the fork of the Lynn River (Patterson's Creek to many older Port Doverites) and Black Creek where they and seven Frenchmen (the first Europeans known to have ascended the Great Lakes to Sault Ste. Marie) built a hut and chapel.[8] Just outside the community, a cross with the arms of France had been erected on 23 March 1670, claiming the area for King Louis XIV over the Lake Erie region.[8]

By 1794 the first settlers, a group of United Empire Loyalists, had established a hamlet known as Dover Mills (named for the English port of Dover). Peter Walker was the first settler of this community, becoming its unofficial founder.[9]

This community was the subject of an American raid during the War of 1812, on May 14–15, 1814. Much of it was destroyed but was later rebuilt.[8][10][11][12] After making their landing on the shore, 750 American soldiers launched a surprise attack on the village's civilians.[13] Scattered elements of nearby militia and regular units tried to defend the village without any success. Re-enactments carried out by local volunteer groups have allowed the British-Canadian forces to soundly defeat the American troops in battle.[13] The survivors of the war rebuilt the town of Port Dover further downstream on Patterson's Creek. The raid was part of America's Niagara campaigns toward the end of the War of 1812.

During the war, in August 1812, Major General Isaac Brock gathered a force of regulars and militia here. Crossing the lake by boat, they reached Amherstburg (then also in Upper Canada) and attacked and captured the American Hull's Army at Detroit.[8]

In 1835, Port Dover was incorporated as a village and later as a town.

By 1842, the village was growing and had a population of almost 400. The harbour, lighthouse and bridge across the river had been completed as had the road to Hamilton; there was a grammar school, a grist mill, a saw mill and a Presbyterian church in the course of construction.[14] By 1896 the population was 1,000.[15]

In 1877, Port Dover was a large village with 1,100 residents, most living on the west bank of the River Lynn. The South Norfolk Railway was started in the county and began operating in 1889. Even earlier, the Hamilton & Lake Erie Railway (H&LER) began operating in 1873 but was merged with the Hamilton & Northwestern Railway which completed the final section to Port Dover and to Jarvis in the mid 1870s.[14] A report from 1924 also discusses an electric railway that had been introduced "in recent years". This was the Grand River Railway that connected Hespeler, Berlin (later called Kitchener) and Waterloo with connection to Brantford and Port Dover.[16]

At least during the warm months, palm trees thrive on Erie Beach, Port Dover

By the 1920s tourism was an important contributor to the economy, with many summer visitors attracted by the beach. There was some light industry in the town but Port Dover was best known as a major fishing centre, with fish shipped by rail and by ship not only within Canada but also to the U.S.[16] Notable amenities like Ivey's Greenhouses and the incredible Port Dover beaches caused most of the passenger train traffic to occur during the summer months.[17] Rail service was also offered on the Port Dover & Lake Huron Railway (later purchased by Canadian National) line from the Caledonia Train Station to Port Dover until these services were cancelled after October 26, 1957. A popular amusement arcade was in operation in Port Dover from the mid-1950s to the mid-1990s.[18] Originally consisting of pinball games, it would expand to include video arcade games.

Businesses would often close one hour earlier on Wednesday as an measure to ensure that breadwinners, homemakers and their children would spend more time together until the 1970s. This occurred regardless of negative economic effects and would apply to most non-essential services. In 1974, the town was amalgamated into the new city of Nanticoke within the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk.

The Paris Port Dover Pipe Band was established on February 18, 2000 by Pipe Major Gordon Black as a competitive and as a community pipe band.[19] They act as ambassadors on the global level as well as on a local level. The band was formally established when a constitution and small band were formed out of ten pipers, one bass, and one snare.[19] In 2001, Nanticoke and all other municipalities within the region were dissolved and the region was divided into two single tier municipalities. Port Dover is now an unincorporated community in Ward 6 of Norfolk County. The Stanley Cup came to Port Dover in 2004 (with Jassen Cullimore) when the 2003–04 Tampa Bay Lightning won the Cup. He was the fourth NHL player to present the Stanley Cup to this small hockey town on the shore of Lake Erie.[20] The Canadian Coast Guard stationed the Cape-class motor lifeboat CCGS Cape Lambton in the community in 2005.[21]

Certain segments of the 2009 American horror film Survival of the Dead were filmed in Port Dover.[22] The film was directed by George A. Romero and starred Alan van Sprang, Kenneth Welsh, and Kathleen Munroe.[23][24] 40 wind turbines sometime were supposed to be built in the area starting in 2013.[25][26][27] However, Norfolk County council has effectively banned the placement of new wind turbines due to concerns about rural spaces being completely "industrialized" and "unnatural" by the year 2113.[28]

Until 2013, Port Dover had a high school which served students aged 14 through 21 in the immediate area. Approximately 1800 young people had fled the Port Dover Area between 2001 and 2011. Academic programs in Valley Heights Secondary School and Delhi District Secondary School were beefed up and prepared to accept former PDCS students after the closure date.[29] An elementary school called Lakewood Public School recently opened in the old PDCS building.[30]

Notable people[edit]

  • Toby Barrett, Haldimand-Norfolk's current MPP (serving on the Legislative Assembly of Ontario for the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario)
  • Eddie Sargent, former MPP (who served on the Legislative Assembly of Ontario for the Ontario Liberal Party)
  • Rory Dodd, rock vocalist.
  • Henry Laird, journalist, wholesaler, and political figure who served Regina, Saskatchewan in the Senate of Canada
  • Megan Timpf, International softball player, Olympic Athlete
  • Jassen Cullimore, NHL Stanley Cup Player
  • John Axford, Major League Baseball pitcher
  • Charles Berkeley Powell, businessman and former member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario (Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario)
  • Joey Muha, Drummer and musician
  • Jim McInally, Hockey Player
  • Rick Wamsley, NHL Stanley Cup Player

Attractions[edit]

Located just a short driving distance away from the Stelco Lake Erie Works in Nanticoke, Port Dover is the site of romantic sunsets along its surrounding countryside.[31]

There are scenic waterfalls nearby and tourists generally go to nearby Port Ryerse as a side trip.[31] Local roads that originate from here often lead to the hamlets of Fishers Glen, Normandale and Turkey Point (which is another seasonal beach destination).[32] Even the farmers here generally enjoy the sunsets on their property.[31] Apple wine, produced by the local farmers themselves, can be purchased by anyone due to their lack of alcohol content.[32] This product is available in the Port Dover area.[32] On clear summer nights, the Port Dover lighthouse can be seen glimmering brightly with the moon.[31] The beaches in Port Dover have a tendency to emulate those that are beside the Mediterranean Sea.[32] The Erie Beach Hotel and The Beach House are popular dining attractions for both locals and tourists alike; serving the best locally-grown cuisine.

Port Dover hosts thousands of people every Friday the 13th for the Friday the 13th motorcycle rally, which was started in 1981 by a local bike shop owner.[citation needed]

Port Dover is also home to the famous Arbor hot dog restaurant and the Knetchels neighborhood market and fish restaurant.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Road Atlas – Canada, United States, and Mexico (Map) (2008 ed.). Peter Heiler Ltd. p. 17, 19. § B6–G7, G8–K8, L9, M10–R11. 
  2. ^ "Highway 6 Information for Norfolk County to City of Hamilton". Ontario King's Highways. Retrieved July 3, 2007. 
  3. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=POPC&Code1=0658&Geo2=PR&Code2=47&Data=Count&SearchText=Port%20Dover&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1
  4. ^ "Maximum Freezing Degree-Days as a Winter Severity Index for the Great Lakes, 1897–1977". American Meteorological Society. Retrieved 2017-11-12. 
  5. ^ "Ontario Weather Review - July 2009". Environment Canada. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  6. ^ "Global Analysis - Annual 2016". NOAA. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Impact of global warming on Port Dover, Ontario". Firetree. Retrieved 2012-07-02. 
  8. ^ a b c d http://www.waynecook.com/ahaldimand-norfolk.html
  9. ^ The Founding of Port Dover at OntarioPlaques.com
  10. ^ "The history of the War of 1812". The official war of 1812 bicentenial site. Archived from the original on January 5, 2010. 
  11. ^ Gilbert Collins (2006). Guidebook to the Historic Sites of the War of 1812. Dundurn. ISBN 978-1-55002-626-9. Retrieved January 5, 2010. 
  12. ^ "Robert Nichol, c. 1774-1824". Ontario Heritage Trust. September 24, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 5, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b "Discovering Lake Erie: Port Dover and Long Point Bay". Boating Ontario. 
  14. ^ a b http://www.norfolkofficialplan.ca/lakeshore/trc/9_Cultural_Built_Heritage.pdf
  15. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=z6wOAAAAYAAJ, page 393
  16. ^ a b http://www.nornet.on.ca/~jcardiff/transcipts/bios-photos/essays/glorious.html
  17. ^ "LAKE ERIE & NORTHERN RAILWAY". Train Web. 
  18. ^ Beaches Sport Coin Arcades - Juke Music at Google Books
  19. ^ a b "Paris-Port Dover Pipe Band celebrates 10th anniversary". Paris Star Online. 
  20. ^ "Stanley Cup Journals 2004: 37". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 27, 2006. 
  21. ^ Theresa Nichols (August 11, 2005). "Lloyd St. Amand Announces the Dedication of the Cape Lambton in Port Dover Ontario". Canadian Coast Guard. Archived from the original on January 5, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Survival of the Dead: Uncle Creepy's Pictorial Diary of the Dead". DreadCentral. 
  23. ^ "Fantastic Fest 09: Romero Discusses the Future of the Dead". DreadCentral. 
  24. ^ "Three New Clips: George A. Romero's Survival of the Dead". DreadCentral. 
  25. ^ Daniel Pearce (2011). "Green projects receive go-ahead". Brantford Expositor. Retrieved January 24, 2012. The big news, however, was in Haldimand County. That community was awarded a project that could see up to 100 wind turbines along the lake-shore in the Nanticoke area. As well, the proposal that includes the Port Dover windmills extends into Haldimand, where another 40 or more turbines could be located.  mirror
  26. ^ John Miner (January 23, 2012). "Farm group calls for turbine halt". Simcoe Reformer. Retrieved January 24, 2012. "We are taking a look at those and we are determined to get clean, renewable energy into the province of Ontario and secure the jobs that help Ontario serve the world with green energy," Bentley said.  mirror
  27. ^ "Work together to tackle wind turbine concerns". Simcoe Reformer. July 2011. Retrieved January 24, 2012. Please be aware that Capital Power Corporation is in the process of planning to build 13 wind turbines here in the east end of Norfolk County.  mirror
  28. ^ "Norfolk Seeks End to Turbine Development". Retrieved May 15, 2013. 
  29. ^ "PDCS will close at end of semester". The Simcoe Reformer. Retrieved October 16, 2012. 
  30. ^ Celebrating a new adventure at Lakewood Elementary at Grand Erie District School Board
  31. ^ a b c d e Port Dover, Ontario, Canada at TravelingLuck.com
  32. ^ a b c d Visit and explore Port Dover at ITCWebDesigns.com

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